We present an approach for extracting relations between named entities from natural language documents. The approach is based solely on shallow linguistic processing, such as tokenization, sentence splitting, part-of-speech tagging, and lemmatization. It uses a combination of kernel functions to integrate two different information sources: (i) the whole sentence where the relation appears, and (ii) the local contexts around the interacting entities. We present the results of experiments on extracting five different types of relations from a dataset of newswire documents and show that each information source provides a useful contribution to the recognition task. Usually the combined kernel significantly increases the precision with respect to the basic kernels, sometimes at the cost of a slightly lower recall. Moreover, we performed a set of experiments to assess the influence of the accuracy of named-entity recognition on the performance of the relation-extraction algorithm. Such experiments were performed using both the correct named entities (i.e., those manually annotated in the corpus) and the noisy named entities (i.e., those produced by a machine learning-based named-entity recognizer). The results show that our approach significantly improves the previous results obtained on the same dataset.

Relation Extraction and the Influence of Automatic Named-Entity Recognition

Giuliano, Claudio;Lavelli, Alberto;Romano, Lorenza
2007

Abstract

We present an approach for extracting relations between named entities from natural language documents. The approach is based solely on shallow linguistic processing, such as tokenization, sentence splitting, part-of-speech tagging, and lemmatization. It uses a combination of kernel functions to integrate two different information sources: (i) the whole sentence where the relation appears, and (ii) the local contexts around the interacting entities. We present the results of experiments on extracting five different types of relations from a dataset of newswire documents and show that each information source provides a useful contribution to the recognition task. Usually the combined kernel significantly increases the precision with respect to the basic kernels, sometimes at the cost of a slightly lower recall. Moreover, we performed a set of experiments to assess the influence of the accuracy of named-entity recognition on the performance of the relation-extraction algorithm. Such experiments were performed using both the correct named entities (i.e., those manually annotated in the corpus) and the noisy named entities (i.e., those produced by a machine learning-based named-entity recognizer). The results show that our approach significantly improves the previous results obtained on the same dataset.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/3318
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