Intrinsic generation time of the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant: An observational study of household transmission
Starting from the final months of 2021, the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant expanded globally, swiftly replacing Delta, the variant that was dominant at the time. Many uncertainties remain about the epidemiology of Omicron; here, we aim to estimate its generation time.
Besides the timely detection of different SARS-CoV-2 variants through surveillance systems, functional and modelling studies are essential to better inform public health response and preparedness. Here, the knowledge available so far on SARS-CoV-2 variants is discussed from different perspectives, in order to highlight the relevance of a multidisciplinary approach in countering the threat posed by this insidious virus.
In proton therapy, charged particles interact with tissue depositing dose in the tumor, providing enhanced tumor coverage compared to conventional radiotherapy. However, proton range uncertainties limit the full exploitation in clinical practice of the localized dose deposition. Range and dose monitoring in real-time would be beneficial to deliver safer and more effective treatments. A possible solution is to use the signature of high-energy (2–8 MeV) prompt gamma rays, produced naturally alo...
Recently, vision-language models based on transformers are gaining popularity for joint modeling of visual and textual modalities. In particular, they show impressive results when transferred to several downstream tasks such as zero and few-shot classification. In this article, we propose a visual question answering (VQA) approach for remote sensing images based on these models. The VQA task attempts to provide answers to image-related questions. In contrast, VQA has gained popularity in comp...
Date fruit is among the major crops in the middle-east region, where millions of tons are harvested every year. Date is a healthy fruit, which involves sugars, minerals and vitamins. In addition, it helps preventing human body from several diseases such as cancer and heart diseases. Date sorting is a fundamental step in the date industry. However, manually conducting such an operation, by human labors, is expensive and time-consuming. In this paper, we propose a method for classifying the typ...
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