Background: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate machine-learning based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients, which dynamically incorporated multifaceted clinical information on the evolution of the disease. Methods: This multi-centre cohort study obtained patient data from 151 ICUs from 26 countries (COVIP study). Different models based on the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Logistic Regression (LR), Random Forest (RF) and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) were derived as baseline models that included admission variables only. We subsequently included clinical events and time-to-event as additional variables to derive the final models using the same algorithms and compared their performance with the baseline group. Furthermore, we derived baseline and final models on a European patient cohort and externally validated them on a non-European cohort that included Asian, African and American patients. Results: In total, 1,432 elderly (≥70 years) COVID-19 positive patients were admitted to an intensive care unit. Of these 809 (56.5%) patients survived up to 30 days after admission. The average length of stay was 21.6 (±18.2) days. Final models that incorporated clinical events and time-to-event provided superior performance with AUC of 0.81 (95% CI 0.804-0.811), with respect to both, the baseline models that used admission variables only and conventional ICU prediction models (SOFA-score, p<.001). The average precision increased from 0.65 (95% CI 0.650-0.655) to 0.77 (95% CI 0.759-0.770). Conclusions: Integrating important clinical events and time-to-event information led to a superior accuracy of 30-day mortality prediction compared with models based on the admission information and conventional ICU prediction models. The present study shows that machine-learning models provide additional information and may support complex decision-making in critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients. Clinicaltrial: Nct04321265.

Disease-course adapting machine learning prognostication models in critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients: a multi-centre cohort study with external validation

Mamandipoor, Behrooz;Osmani, Venet
2021

Abstract

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate machine-learning based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients, which dynamically incorporated multifaceted clinical information on the evolution of the disease. Methods: This multi-centre cohort study obtained patient data from 151 ICUs from 26 countries (COVIP study). Different models based on the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), Logistic Regression (LR), Random Forest (RF) and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) were derived as baseline models that included admission variables only. We subsequently included clinical events and time-to-event as additional variables to derive the final models using the same algorithms and compared their performance with the baseline group. Furthermore, we derived baseline and final models on a European patient cohort and externally validated them on a non-European cohort that included Asian, African and American patients. Results: In total, 1,432 elderly (≥70 years) COVID-19 positive patients were admitted to an intensive care unit. Of these 809 (56.5%) patients survived up to 30 days after admission. The average length of stay was 21.6 (±18.2) days. Final models that incorporated clinical events and time-to-event provided superior performance with AUC of 0.81 (95% CI 0.804-0.811), with respect to both, the baseline models that used admission variables only and conventional ICU prediction models (SOFA-score, p<.001). The average precision increased from 0.65 (95% CI 0.650-0.655) to 0.77 (95% CI 0.759-0.770). Conclusions: Integrating important clinical events and time-to-event information led to a superior accuracy of 30-day mortality prediction compared with models based on the admission information and conventional ICU prediction models. The present study shows that machine-learning models provide additional information and may support complex decision-making in critically ill elderly COVID-19 patients. Clinicaltrial: Nct04321265.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/331476
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