Purpose: To evaluate the application of machine learning methods, specifically Deep Neural Networks (DNN) models for intensive care (ICU) mortality prediction. The aim was to predict mortality within 96 hours after admission to mirror the clinical situation of patient evaluation after an ICU trial, which consists of 24-48 hours of ICU treatment and then “re-triage”. The input variables were deliberately restricted to ABG values to maximise real-world practicability. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated septic patients in the multi-centre eICU dataset as well as single centre MIMIC-III dataset. Included were all patients alive after 48 hours with available data on ABG (n = 3979 and n = 9655 ICU stays for the multi-centre and single centre respectively). The primary endpoint was 96 -h-mortality. Results: The model was developed using long short-term memory (LSTM), a type of DNN designed to learn temporal dependencies between variables. Input variables were all ABG values within the first 48 hours. The SOFA score (AUC of 0.72) was moderately predictive. Logistic regression showed good performance (AUC of 0.82). The best performance was achieved by the LSTM-based model with AUC of 0.88 in the multi-centre study and AUC of 0.85 in the single centre study. Conclusions: An LSTM-based model could help physicians with the “re-triage” and the decision to restrict treatment in patients with a poor prognosis.

Machine learning predicts mortality in septic patients using only routinely available ABG variables: a multi-centre evaluation

Mamandipoor, Behrooz;Osmani, Venet
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the application of machine learning methods, specifically Deep Neural Networks (DNN) models for intensive care (ICU) mortality prediction. The aim was to predict mortality within 96 hours after admission to mirror the clinical situation of patient evaluation after an ICU trial, which consists of 24-48 hours of ICU treatment and then “re-triage”. The input variables were deliberately restricted to ABG values to maximise real-world practicability. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated septic patients in the multi-centre eICU dataset as well as single centre MIMIC-III dataset. Included were all patients alive after 48 hours with available data on ABG (n = 3979 and n = 9655 ICU stays for the multi-centre and single centre respectively). The primary endpoint was 96 -h-mortality. Results: The model was developed using long short-term memory (LSTM), a type of DNN designed to learn temporal dependencies between variables. Input variables were all ABG values within the first 48 hours. The SOFA score (AUC of 0.72) was moderately predictive. Logistic regression showed good performance (AUC of 0.82). The best performance was achieved by the LSTM-based model with AUC of 0.88 in the multi-centre study and AUC of 0.85 in the single centre study. Conclusions: An LSTM-based model could help physicians with the “re-triage” and the decision to restrict treatment in patients with a poor prognosis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/323630
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