Background : Female and male critically ill septic patients might differ with regards to risk distribution, management, and outcomes. We aimed to compare male versus female septic patients in a large collective with regards to baseline risk distribution and outcomes. Methods : In total, 17,146 patients were included in this analysis, 8781 (51%) male and 8365 (49%) female patients. The primary endpoint was ICU-mortality. Baseline characteristics and data on organ support were documented. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to assess sex-specific differences. Results : Female patients had lower SOFA scores (5 ± 5 vs. 6 ± 6; p<0.001) and creatinine (1.20±1.35 vs. 1.40±1.54; p<0.001). In the total cohort, the ICU mortality was 10% and similar between female and male (10% vs. 10%; p = 0.34) patients. The ICU remained similar between sexes after adjustment in model-1 (aOR 1.05 95% CI 0.95–1.16; p = 0.34); model-2 (aOR 0.91 95% CI 0.79–1.05; p = 0.18) and model-3 (aOR 0.93 95% CI 0.80–1.07; p = 0.29). In sensitivity analyses, no major sex-specific differences in mortality could be detected. Conclusion : In this study no clinically relevant sex-specific mortality differences could be detected in critically ill septic patients. Possible subtle gender differences could play a minor role in the acute situation due to the severity of the disease in septic patients.

Sex-specific outcomes and management in critically ill septic patients

Mamandipoor, Behrooz;Osmani, Venet
2020

Abstract

Background : Female and male critically ill septic patients might differ with regards to risk distribution, management, and outcomes. We aimed to compare male versus female septic patients in a large collective with regards to baseline risk distribution and outcomes. Methods : In total, 17,146 patients were included in this analysis, 8781 (51%) male and 8365 (49%) female patients. The primary endpoint was ICU-mortality. Baseline characteristics and data on organ support were documented. Multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to assess sex-specific differences. Results : Female patients had lower SOFA scores (5 ± 5 vs. 6 ± 6; p<0.001) and creatinine (1.20±1.35 vs. 1.40±1.54; p<0.001). In the total cohort, the ICU mortality was 10% and similar between female and male (10% vs. 10%; p = 0.34) patients. The ICU remained similar between sexes after adjustment in model-1 (aOR 1.05 95% CI 0.95–1.16; p = 0.34); model-2 (aOR 0.91 95% CI 0.79–1.05; p = 0.18) and model-3 (aOR 0.93 95% CI 0.80–1.07; p = 0.29). In sensitivity analyses, no major sex-specific differences in mortality could be detected. Conclusion : In this study no clinically relevant sex-specific mortality differences could be detected in critically ill septic patients. Possible subtle gender differences could play a minor role in the acute situation due to the severity of the disease in septic patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/323458
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