In this paper, we propose to extend First-Order Linear-time Temporal Logic with Past adding two operators “at next” and “at last”, which take in input a term and a formula and return the value of the term at the next state in the future or last state in the past in which the formula holds. The new logic, named LTL-EF, can be interpreted with different models of time (including discrete, dense, and super-dense time) and with different first-order theories (à la Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT)). We show that the “at next” and “at last” can encode (first-order) with counting. We provide rewriting procedures to reduce the satisfiability problem to the discrete-time case (to leverage on the mature state-of-the-art corresponding verification techniques) and to remove the extra functional symbols. We implemented these techniques in the nuXmv model checker enabling the analysis of LTL-EF and based on SMT-based model checking. We show the feasibility of the approach experimenting with several non-trivial valid and satisfiable formulas.

SMT-Based Satisfiability of First-Order LTL with Event Freezing Functions and Metric Operators

Alessandro Cimatti;Alberto Griggio;Enrico Magnago;Marco Roveri;Stefano Tonetta
2020

Abstract

In this paper, we propose to extend First-Order Linear-time Temporal Logic with Past adding two operators “at next” and “at last”, which take in input a term and a formula and return the value of the term at the next state in the future or last state in the past in which the formula holds. The new logic, named LTL-EF, can be interpreted with different models of time (including discrete, dense, and super-dense time) and with different first-order theories (à la Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT)). We show that the “at next” and “at last” can encode (first-order) with counting. We provide rewriting procedures to reduce the satisfiability problem to the discrete-time case (to leverage on the mature state-of-the-art corresponding verification techniques) and to remove the extra functional symbols. We implemented these techniques in the nuXmv model checker enabling the analysis of LTL-EF and based on SMT-based model checking. We show the feasibility of the approach experimenting with several non-trivial valid and satisfiable formulas.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/317823
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