In proton therapy, charged particles interact with tissue depositing dose in the tumor, providing enhanced tumor coverage compared to conventional radiotherapy. However, proton range uncertainties limit the full exploitation in clinical practice of the localized dose deposition. Range and dose monitoring in real-time would be beneficial to deliver safer and more effective treatments. A possible solution is to use the signature of high-energy (2–8 MeV) prompt gamma rays, produced naturally along the beam path by excited nuclei. In this paper, we study the timing capability of the Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) as a photodetector candidate to be used for the scintillator readout for high-energy gamma rays detection. The peculiar drift mechanism affects the time needed for the photogenerated charge inside the SDD volume to approach the collecting electrode. As a result, the detector output signal shows a rise time limiting usually its timing performances when used with scintillators. In this work, we first developed a simulator to predict the drift time values as a function of charge generation position. Next, we performed the experimental characterization of the SDD timing performances by directly irradiating it with laser light. We carried out spectroscopy measurements for the assessment of the electronics noise of the detector in two readout configurations: single anode and merged anodes. Finally, we experimentally evaluated the timing performances of the SDD at the signal levels expected in the target application, showing sub-ns timing resolution.

Timing Performances of SDD as Photodetector Candidate for Proton Therapy Application

Borghi, G.;Picciotto, A.;
2022

Abstract

In proton therapy, charged particles interact with tissue depositing dose in the tumor, providing enhanced tumor coverage compared to conventional radiotherapy. However, proton range uncertainties limit the full exploitation in clinical practice of the localized dose deposition. Range and dose monitoring in real-time would be beneficial to deliver safer and more effective treatments. A possible solution is to use the signature of high-energy (2–8 MeV) prompt gamma rays, produced naturally along the beam path by excited nuclei. In this paper, we study the timing capability of the Silicon Drift Detector (SDD) as a photodetector candidate to be used for the scintillator readout for high-energy gamma rays detection. The peculiar drift mechanism affects the time needed for the photogenerated charge inside the SDD volume to approach the collecting electrode. As a result, the detector output signal shows a rise time limiting usually its timing performances when used with scintillators. In this work, we first developed a simulator to predict the drift time values as a function of charge generation position. Next, we performed the experimental characterization of the SDD timing performances by directly irradiating it with laser light. We carried out spectroscopy measurements for the assessment of the electronics noise of the detector in two readout configurations: single anode and merged anodes. Finally, we experimentally evaluated the timing performances of the SDD at the signal levels expected in the target application, showing sub-ns timing resolution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/333227
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