The integrity of complex dynamic systems often relies on the ability to detect, during operation, the occurrence of faults, or, in other words, to diagnose the system. The feasibility of this task, also known as diagnosability, depends on the nature of the system dynamics, the impact of faults, and the availability of a suitable set of sensors. Standard techniques for analyzing the diagnosability problem rely on a model of the system and on proving the absence of a faulty trace that cannot be distinguished by a non-faulty one (this pair of traces is called critical pair). In this paper, we tackle the problem of verifying diagnosability under the presence of fairness conditions. These extend the expressiveness of the system models enabling the specification of assumptions on the system behavior such as the infinite occurrence of observations and/or faults. We adopt a comprehensive framework that encompasses fair transition systems, temporally extended fault models, delays between the occurrence of a fault and its detection, and rich operational contexts. We show that in presence of fairness the definition of diagnosability has several interesting variants, and discuss the relative strengths and the mutual relationships. We prove that the existence of critical pairs is not always sufficient to analyze diagnosability, and needs to be generalized to critical sets. We define new notions of critical pairs, called ribbon-shape, with special looping conditions to represent the critical sets. Based on these findings, we provide algorithms to prove the diagnosability under fairness. The approach is built on top of the classical twin plant construction, and generalizes it to cover the various forms of diagnosability and find sufficient delays. The proposed algorithms are implemented within thexSAPplatform for safety analysis, leveraging efficient symbolic model checking primitives. An experimental evaluation on a heterogeneous set of realistic benchmarks from various application domains demonstrates the effectiveness of the approach.

Diagnosability of fair transition systems

Benjamin Bittner;Marco Bozzano
;
Alessandro Cimatti;Marco Gario;Stefano Tonetta;Viktória Vozárová
2022

Abstract

The integrity of complex dynamic systems often relies on the ability to detect, during operation, the occurrence of faults, or, in other words, to diagnose the system. The feasibility of this task, also known as diagnosability, depends on the nature of the system dynamics, the impact of faults, and the availability of a suitable set of sensors. Standard techniques for analyzing the diagnosability problem rely on a model of the system and on proving the absence of a faulty trace that cannot be distinguished by a non-faulty one (this pair of traces is called critical pair). In this paper, we tackle the problem of verifying diagnosability under the presence of fairness conditions. These extend the expressiveness of the system models enabling the specification of assumptions on the system behavior such as the infinite occurrence of observations and/or faults. We adopt a comprehensive framework that encompasses fair transition systems, temporally extended fault models, delays between the occurrence of a fault and its detection, and rich operational contexts. We show that in presence of fairness the definition of diagnosability has several interesting variants, and discuss the relative strengths and the mutual relationships. We prove that the existence of critical pairs is not always sufficient to analyze diagnosability, and needs to be generalized to critical sets. We define new notions of critical pairs, called ribbon-shape, with special looping conditions to represent the critical sets. Based on these findings, we provide algorithms to prove the diagnosability under fairness. The approach is built on top of the classical twin plant construction, and generalizes it to cover the various forms of diagnosability and find sufficient delays. The proposed algorithms are implemented within thexSAPplatform for safety analysis, leveraging efficient symbolic model checking primitives. An experimental evaluation on a heterogeneous set of realistic benchmarks from various application domains demonstrates the effectiveness of the approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/332207
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