Background Clinician-assessed Expanded Disease Status Scale (EDSS) is gold standard in clinical investigations but normally unavailable in population-based, patient-centred MS-studies. Our objective was to develop a self-reported gait measure reflecting EDSS-categories. Methods We developed the self-reported disability status scale (SRDSS) with three categories (≤3.5, 4–6.5, ≥7) based on three mobility-related questions. The SRDSS was determined for 173 persons with MS and validated against clinical EDSS to calculate sensitivity and specificity. Results Accuracy was 88.4% (153 correctly classified) and weighted kappa 0.73 (0.62–0.84). Sensitivity/specificity-pairs were 94.5%/77.8%, 69.0%/94.7% and 100%/98.2% for SRDSS ≤3.5, 4–6.5 and ≥7, respectively. Conclusions Self-reported SRDSS approximates EDSS-categories well and fosters comparability between clinical and population-based studies.

Development and validation of the self-reported disability status scale (SRDSS) to estimate EDSS-categories

Laura Barin;
2020

Abstract

Background Clinician-assessed Expanded Disease Status Scale (EDSS) is gold standard in clinical investigations but normally unavailable in population-based, patient-centred MS-studies. Our objective was to develop a self-reported gait measure reflecting EDSS-categories. Methods We developed the self-reported disability status scale (SRDSS) with three categories (≤3.5, 4–6.5, ≥7) based on three mobility-related questions. The SRDSS was determined for 173 persons with MS and validated against clinical EDSS to calculate sensitivity and specificity. Results Accuracy was 88.4% (153 correctly classified) and weighted kappa 0.73 (0.62–0.84). Sensitivity/specificity-pairs were 94.5%/77.8%, 69.0%/94.7% and 100%/98.2% for SRDSS ≤3.5, 4–6.5 and ≥7, respectively. Conclusions Self-reported SRDSS approximates EDSS-categories well and fosters comparability between clinical and population-based studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/321845
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