The exciton, a quasi-particle that creates a bound state of an electron and a hole, is typically found in semiconductors. It has attracted major attention in the context of both fundamental science and practical applications. Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are a new class of 2D materials that include direct band-gap semiconductors with strong spin-orbit coupling and many-body interactions. Manipulating new excitons in semiconducting TMDs could generate a novel means of application in nanodevices. Here, the observation of high-energy excitonic peaks in the monolayer-MoS2 on a SrTiO3 heterointerface generated by a new complex mechanism is reported, based on a comprehensive study that comprises temperature-dependent optical spectroscopies and first-principles calculations. The appearance of these excitons is attributed to the change in many-body interactions that occurs alongside the interfacial orbital hybridization and spin-orbit coupling brought about by the excitonic effect propagated from the substrate. This has further led to the formation of a Fermi-surface feature at the interface. The results provide an atomic-scale understanding of the heterointerface between monolayer-TMDs and perovskite oxide and highlight the importance of spin-orbit-charge-lattice coupling on the intrinsic properties of atomic-layer heterostructures, which open up a way to manipulate the excitonic effects in monolayer TMDs via an interfacial system.

Modulation of New Excitons in Transition Metal Dichalcogenide-Perovskite Oxide System

Trevisanutto, Paolo Emilio;
2019-01-01

Abstract

The exciton, a quasi-particle that creates a bound state of an electron and a hole, is typically found in semiconductors. It has attracted major attention in the context of both fundamental science and practical applications. Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are a new class of 2D materials that include direct band-gap semiconductors with strong spin-orbit coupling and many-body interactions. Manipulating new excitons in semiconducting TMDs could generate a novel means of application in nanodevices. Here, the observation of high-energy excitonic peaks in the monolayer-MoS2 on a SrTiO3 heterointerface generated by a new complex mechanism is reported, based on a comprehensive study that comprises temperature-dependent optical spectroscopies and first-principles calculations. The appearance of these excitons is attributed to the change in many-body interactions that occurs alongside the interfacial orbital hybridization and spin-orbit coupling brought about by the excitonic effect propagated from the substrate. This has further led to the formation of a Fermi-surface feature at the interface. The results provide an atomic-scale understanding of the heterointerface between monolayer-TMDs and perovskite oxide and highlight the importance of spin-orbit-charge-lattice coupling on the intrinsic properties of atomic-layer heterostructures, which open up a way to manipulate the excitonic effects in monolayer TMDs via an interfacial system.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/321112
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