The aim of this work has been to improve the time resolution of radiation detectors for future high-energy physics experiments and medical imaging applications. Ce-doped oxyorthosilicate Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO) and mixed oxyorthosilicate Lu1.6Y0.4SiO5:Ce (LYSO) have been investigated as prospective scintillators for such high-time-resolution applications. A differential optical absorption technique with sub-picosecond time resolution upon selective excitation of Ce3+ ions to different excited states has been adopted to study carrier dynamics in these scintillators, and coincidence time resolution measured using 511 keV γ-quanta has been exploited to test their timing properties. A delay in population of the emitting level of Ce3+ has been observed, and is interpreted in terms of electron trapping, which is more pronounced in mixed yttrium-containing LYSO crystals due to composition fluctuations. It is shown that the delay, which affects the luminescence response time, can be eliminated by co-doping of LYSO:Ce with calcium at concentrations as low as 5 ppm. The faster kinetics of electron transfer correlates with a better coincidence time resolution. Thermalization and spatial distribution of non-equilibrium carriers has been studied theoretically to link the results obtained by the time-resolved differential optical absorption technique with the behavior of the non-equilibrium carriers generated by irradiation.

Improvement of the timing properties of Ce-doped oxyorthosilicate LYSO scintillating crystals

Gola, A.;Mazzi, A.;
2020

Abstract

The aim of this work has been to improve the time resolution of radiation detectors for future high-energy physics experiments and medical imaging applications. Ce-doped oxyorthosilicate Lu2SiO5:Ce (LSO) and mixed oxyorthosilicate Lu1.6Y0.4SiO5:Ce (LYSO) have been investigated as prospective scintillators for such high-time-resolution applications. A differential optical absorption technique with sub-picosecond time resolution upon selective excitation of Ce3+ ions to different excited states has been adopted to study carrier dynamics in these scintillators, and coincidence time resolution measured using 511 keV γ-quanta has been exploited to test their timing properties. A delay in population of the emitting level of Ce3+ has been observed, and is interpreted in terms of electron trapping, which is more pronounced in mixed yttrium-containing LYSO crystals due to composition fluctuations. It is shown that the delay, which affects the luminescence response time, can be eliminated by co-doping of LYSO:Ce with calcium at concentrations as low as 5 ppm. The faster kinetics of electron transfer correlates with a better coincidence time resolution. Thermalization and spatial distribution of non-equilibrium carriers has been studied theoretically to link the results obtained by the time-resolved differential optical absorption technique with the behavior of the non-equilibrium carriers generated by irradiation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/320912
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
social impact