In this paper, we give an overview of the main properties and technological implementation of densely packed Single-photon Avalanche Diode arrays, which are commonly known as Silicon Photomultipliers, or SiPMs. These detectors feature high internal gain, single-photon sensitivity, a high Photon Detection Efficiency, proportional response to weak and fast light flashes, excellent timing resolution, low bias voltage, ruggedness and insensitivity to magnetic field. They compare favorably to the traditional Photomultiplier Tube in several applications. In this overview paper, we go through the SPAD/SiPM theory of operation, the modern SiPM implementations and the typical technological options to build the sensor. This is done in conjunction with the description of the main SiPM parameters, such as the Photon Detection Efficiency, the electrical properties, the primary and correlated noise sources and the Single Photon Time Resolution.

Overview on the main parameters and technology of modern Silicon Photomultipliers

Piemonte, Claudio;Gola, Alberto
2019

Abstract

In this paper, we give an overview of the main properties and technological implementation of densely packed Single-photon Avalanche Diode arrays, which are commonly known as Silicon Photomultipliers, or SiPMs. These detectors feature high internal gain, single-photon sensitivity, a high Photon Detection Efficiency, proportional response to weak and fast light flashes, excellent timing resolution, low bias voltage, ruggedness and insensitivity to magnetic field. They compare favorably to the traditional Photomultiplier Tube in several applications. In this overview paper, we go through the SPAD/SiPM theory of operation, the modern SiPM implementations and the typical technological options to build the sensor. This is done in conjunction with the description of the main SiPM parameters, such as the Photon Detection Efficiency, the electrical properties, the primary and correlated noise sources and the Single Photon Time Resolution.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/316827
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
social impact