Er3+-doped silica waveguides, co-doped with aluminium, titanium, and hafnium oxides, were prepared using the sol-gel method and dip-coating processing. Here, we present a characterisation of the local environment around Er3+ ions, as determined from the Er L-3-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements performed at ESRF (France). The first coordination shell is composed of 5-6 oxygen atoms at distances -2.32-2.35 angstrom, slightly varying as a function of the modifier oxide. Er3+ nearest neighbors distance does not show a significant compositional dependence. On the contrary, outer shells analysis shows significant differences: Al2O3 doping (less than 2% mol) induces an ordering around Er and increases the distance of the second shell, probably due to the substitution of Si by Al atoms; for TiO2 doping (7-15% mol), it is most probable that the second shell is composed from Si atoms as the case of pure SiO2; for HfO2 doping (from 10 to 50 mol%) there is a very clear evidence of Er-Hf coordination already at the lowest Hf content, but still in amorphous environment. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Short-range order around Er3+ in silica waveguides containing aluminium, titanium and hafnium

Ferrari, Maurizio;Rocca, Francesco;
2006

Abstract

Er3+-doped silica waveguides, co-doped with aluminium, titanium, and hafnium oxides, were prepared using the sol-gel method and dip-coating processing. Here, we present a characterisation of the local environment around Er3+ ions, as determined from the Er L-3-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements performed at ESRF (France). The first coordination shell is composed of 5-6 oxygen atoms at distances -2.32-2.35 angstrom, slightly varying as a function of the modifier oxide. Er3+ nearest neighbors distance does not show a significant compositional dependence. On the contrary, outer shells analysis shows significant differences: Al2O3 doping (less than 2% mol) induces an ordering around Er and increases the distance of the second shell, probably due to the substitution of Si by Al atoms; for TiO2 doping (7-15% mol), it is most probable that the second shell is composed from Si atoms as the case of pure SiO2; for HfO2 doping (from 10 to 50 mol%) there is a very clear evidence of Er-Hf coordination already at the lowest Hf content, but still in amorphous environment. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/31672
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