The development of innovative and reliable techniques for devices miniaturization are enabling the massive growth of lab on chip (LOC) applications. In this article, we briefly review the technological options for LOC microfabrication, then we present the optimization of a process for the realization of tridimensional multi-layered structures and buried channels in a microfluidic network using a photo-patternable dry film, with a potential for LOC manufacturing. The tuning of all the fabrication parameters is widely discussed and micrographs and optical profiler images are reported to show fabrication results. The fabrication process is used for a Split-flow-thin (SPLITT) fractionation cell configuration. SPLITT is a particle fractionation technique based on the combined effect of two laminar streams (the sample containing the particles and a carrier) flowing inside a thin microchannel and the action of a vertical driving force for particle displacement. Since the SPLITT implemented in this work is electrically driven, patterned electrodes (thickness: 100 nm) are also integrated in the flow cell walls. The functionality of the cell was tested first verifying the presence of proper flow conditions for microfluidic SPLITT (absence of mixing between the streams) and then proving electrical fractionation with two different proteins (BSA and b-lactoglobulin) at different levels of ionic strength. The flow of the streams within the microfluidic channel was also simulated by a numerical 2-D model exactly reproducing the cell geometry, with a good accordance with experimental results.

A dry film technology for the manufacturing of 3-D multi-layered microstructures and buried channels for lab-on-chip

Viviana Mulloni
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Andrea Capuano
Investigation
;
Andrea Adami
;
Leandro Lorenzelli
2019

Abstract

The development of innovative and reliable techniques for devices miniaturization are enabling the massive growth of lab on chip (LOC) applications. In this article, we briefly review the technological options for LOC microfabrication, then we present the optimization of a process for the realization of tridimensional multi-layered structures and buried channels in a microfluidic network using a photo-patternable dry film, with a potential for LOC manufacturing. The tuning of all the fabrication parameters is widely discussed and micrographs and optical profiler images are reported to show fabrication results. The fabrication process is used for a Split-flow-thin (SPLITT) fractionation cell configuration. SPLITT is a particle fractionation technique based on the combined effect of two laminar streams (the sample containing the particles and a carrier) flowing inside a thin microchannel and the action of a vertical driving force for particle displacement. Since the SPLITT implemented in this work is electrically driven, patterned electrodes (thickness: 100 nm) are also integrated in the flow cell walls. The functionality of the cell was tested first verifying the presence of proper flow conditions for microfluidic SPLITT (absence of mixing between the streams) and then proving electrical fractionation with two different proteins (BSA and b-lactoglobulin) at different levels of ionic strength. The flow of the streams within the microfluidic channel was also simulated by a numerical 2-D model exactly reproducing the cell geometry, with a good accordance with experimental results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/315963
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