Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK) (Trento, Italy) has recently introduced High Density (HD) and Ultra High-Density (UHD) SiPMs, featuring very small micro-cell pitch. The high cell density is a very important factor to improve the linearity of the SiPM in high-dynamic-range applications, such as the scintillation light readout in high-energy gamma-ray spectroscopy and in prompt gamma imaging for proton therapy. The energy resolution at high energies is a trade-off between the excess noise factor caused by the non-linearity of the SiPM and the photon detection efficiency of the detector. To study these effects, we developed a new setup that simulates the LYSO light emission in response to gamma photons up to 30 MeV, using a pulsed light source. We measured the non-linearity and energy resolution vs. energy of the FBK RGB-HD e RGB-UHD SiPM technologies. We considered five different cell sizes, ranging from 10 µm up to 25 µm. With the UHD technology we were able to observe a remarkable reduction of the SiPM non-linearity, less than 5% at 5MeV with 10 µm cells, which should be compared to a non-linearity of 50% with 25 µm-cell HD-SiPMs. With the same setup, we also measured the different components of the energy resolution (intrinsic, statistical, detector and electronic noise) vs. cell size, over-voltage and energy and we separated the different sources of excess noise factor.

Characterization of high density SiPM non-linearity and energy resolution for prompt gamma imaging applications

Regazzoni, Veronica;Acerbi, Fabio;Ferri, Alessandro;Paternoster, Giovanni;Piemonte, Claudio;Rucatti, Daniele;Zappala’, Gaetano;Zorzi, Nicola;Gola, Alberto Giacomo
2017

Abstract

Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK) (Trento, Italy) has recently introduced High Density (HD) and Ultra High-Density (UHD) SiPMs, featuring very small micro-cell pitch. The high cell density is a very important factor to improve the linearity of the SiPM in high-dynamic-range applications, such as the scintillation light readout in high-energy gamma-ray spectroscopy and in prompt gamma imaging for proton therapy. The energy resolution at high energies is a trade-off between the excess noise factor caused by the non-linearity of the SiPM and the photon detection efficiency of the detector. To study these effects, we developed a new setup that simulates the LYSO light emission in response to gamma photons up to 30 MeV, using a pulsed light source. We measured the non-linearity and energy resolution vs. energy of the FBK RGB-HD e RGB-UHD SiPM technologies. We considered five different cell sizes, ranging from 10 µm up to 25 µm. With the UHD technology we were able to observe a remarkable reduction of the SiPM non-linearity, less than 5% at 5MeV with 10 µm cells, which should be compared to a non-linearity of 50% with 25 µm-cell HD-SiPMs. With the same setup, we also measured the different components of the energy resolution (intrinsic, statistical, detector and electronic noise) vs. cell size, over-voltage and energy and we separated the different sources of excess noise factor.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/310151
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