In this work we use two different but complementary approaches in order to study the ghost propagator of a pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory quantized in the linear covariant gauges, focusing on its dependence on the gauge-fixing parameter $\xi$ in the deep infrared. In particular, we first solve the Schwinger-Dyson equation that governs the dynamics of the ghost propagator, using a set of simplifying approximations, and under the crucial assumption that the gluon propagators for $\xi>0$ are infrared finite, as is the case in the Landau gauge $(\xi=0)$. Then we appeal to the Nielsen identities, and express the derivative of the ghost propagator with respect to $\xi$ in terms of certain auxiliary Green's functions, which are subsequently computed under the same assumptions as before. Within both formalisms we find that for $\xi>0$ the ghost dressing function approaches zero in the deep infrared, in sharp contrast to what happens in the Landau gauge, where it known to saturate at a finite (non-vanishing) value. The Nielsen identities are then extended to the case of the gluon propagator, and the $\xi$-dependence of the corresponding gluon masses is derived using as input the results obtained in the previous steps. The result turns out to be logarithmically divergent in the deep infrared; the compatibility of this behavior with the basic assumption of a finite gluon propagator is discussed, and a specific Ansatz is put forth, which readily reconciles both features.

Yang-Mills two-point functions in linear covariant gauges

Binosi, Daniele;
2015

Abstract

In this work we use two different but complementary approaches in order to study the ghost propagator of a pure SU(3) Yang-Mills theory quantized in the linear covariant gauges, focusing on its dependence on the gauge-fixing parameter $\xi$ in the deep infrared. In particular, we first solve the Schwinger-Dyson equation that governs the dynamics of the ghost propagator, using a set of simplifying approximations, and under the crucial assumption that the gluon propagators for $\xi>0$ are infrared finite, as is the case in the Landau gauge $(\xi=0)$. Then we appeal to the Nielsen identities, and express the derivative of the ghost propagator with respect to $\xi$ in terms of certain auxiliary Green's functions, which are subsequently computed under the same assumptions as before. Within both formalisms we find that for $\xi>0$ the ghost dressing function approaches zero in the deep infrared, in sharp contrast to what happens in the Landau gauge, where it known to saturate at a finite (non-vanishing) value. The Nielsen identities are then extended to the case of the gluon propagator, and the $\xi$-dependence of the corresponding gluon masses is derived using as input the results obtained in the previous steps. The result turns out to be logarithmically divergent in the deep infrared; the compatibility of this behavior with the basic assumption of a finite gluon propagator is discussed, and a specific Ansatz is put forth, which readily reconciles both features.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/303437
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