Silicon nanocrystals (Si-nc) are reviewed here for their interesting optical applications. On the one hand, they do exhibit quantum confinement effects. This allows turning silicon into a light-emitting material where luminescence can be excited by electrical injection. On the other hand, small sizes, large surfaces, and dielectric mismatch between the core and the surrounding matrix increase dramatically the nonlinear optical coefficients. This allows using Si-nc as a nonlinear material in different waveguide configurations. In this paper, we discuss specifically two different applications of Si-nc: (i) as a nonlinear material in various devices, e.g., in bistable optical cavities, in waveguide optical mode monitors that are based on two-photon excited luminescence detection, and in wavelength shifters by using four-wave mixing (FWM); (ii) as an entropy source for quantum random number generation, the key device for cryptography.

Silicon nanocrystals for nonlinear optics and secure communications

Bernard, M.;Ghulinyan, Mher;Pucker, Georg;
2015

Abstract

Silicon nanocrystals (Si-nc) are reviewed here for their interesting optical applications. On the one hand, they do exhibit quantum confinement effects. This allows turning silicon into a light-emitting material where luminescence can be excited by electrical injection. On the other hand, small sizes, large surfaces, and dielectric mismatch between the core and the surrounding matrix increase dramatically the nonlinear optical coefficients. This allows using Si-nc as a nonlinear material in different waveguide configurations. In this paper, we discuss specifically two different applications of Si-nc: (i) as a nonlinear material in various devices, e.g., in bistable optical cavities, in waveguide optical mode monitors that are based on two-photon excited luminescence detection, and in wavelength shifters by using four-wave mixing (FWM); (ii) as an entropy source for quantum random number generation, the key device for cryptography.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/301506
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