The new generation of satellite hyperspectral (HS) sensors can acquire very detailed spectral information directly related to land surface materials. Thus, when multitemporal images are considered, they allow us to detect many potential changes in land covers. This paper addresses the change-detection (CD) problem in multitemporal HS remote sensing images, analyzing the complexity of this task. A novel hierarchical CD approach is proposed, which is aimed at identifying all the possible change classes present between the considered images. In greater detail, in order to formalize the CD problem in HS images, an analysis of the concept of “change” is given from the perspective of pixel spectral behaviors. The proposed novel hierarchical scheme is developed by considering spectral change information to identify the change classes having discriminable spectral behaviors. Due to the fact that, in real applications, reference samples are often not available, the proposed approach is designed in an unsupervised way. Experimental results obtained on both simulated and real multitemporal HS images demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed CD method.

Hierarchical unsupervised change detection in multitemporal hyperspectral images

Bovolo, Francesca;
2015

Abstract

The new generation of satellite hyperspectral (HS) sensors can acquire very detailed spectral information directly related to land surface materials. Thus, when multitemporal images are considered, they allow us to detect many potential changes in land covers. This paper addresses the change-detection (CD) problem in multitemporal HS remote sensing images, analyzing the complexity of this task. A novel hierarchical CD approach is proposed, which is aimed at identifying all the possible change classes present between the considered images. In greater detail, in order to formalize the CD problem in HS images, an analysis of the concept of “change” is given from the perspective of pixel spectral behaviors. The proposed novel hierarchical scheme is developed by considering spectral change information to identify the change classes having discriminable spectral behaviors. Due to the fact that, in real applications, reference samples are often not available, the proposed approach is designed in an unsupervised way. Experimental results obtained on both simulated and real multitemporal HS images demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed CD method.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/234619
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