This paper presents the performance, in terms of energy and timing resolution, of high-density silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) produced at Fondazione Bruno Kessler for time-of-flight positron emission tomography application. The new SiPM technology allows us to produce devices with a small cell size maintaining a high fill factor (FF). The sensors considered in this paper are composed by 30×30 μm2 cells with a FF exceeding 70% to cover a total area of 4×4mm2. The SiPM performance was evaluated using two types of scintillators (Ce:LYSO and Ce:GaGG) both with a short height (5 mm) in order to minimize the time jitter caused by light propagation in the crystal. With Ce:LYSO, an energy resolution of 9.0% FWHMat 511 keV and a coincidence resolving time (CRT) of 125 ps FWHM were obtained at −20 ◦C. With Ce:GaGG, an energy resolution of 6.4% FWHM and a CRT of 260 ps FWHM were achieved at the same temperature. The novel SiPM technology, combining a high PDE with a low correlated noise (i.e., crosstalk and afterpulse), allows us to improve the state-of-the-art of energy and timing resolution with both the tested crystals.

Performance of FBK high-density SiPM technology coupled to Ce:LYSO and Ce:GAGG for TOF-PET

Ferri, Alessandro;Gola, Alberto Giacomo;Serra, Nicola;Tarolli, Alessandro;Zorzi, Nicola;Piemonte, Claudio
2014

Abstract

This paper presents the performance, in terms of energy and timing resolution, of high-density silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) produced at Fondazione Bruno Kessler for time-of-flight positron emission tomography application. The new SiPM technology allows us to produce devices with a small cell size maintaining a high fill factor (FF). The sensors considered in this paper are composed by 30×30 μm2 cells with a FF exceeding 70% to cover a total area of 4×4mm2. The SiPM performance was evaluated using two types of scintillators (Ce:LYSO and Ce:GaGG) both with a short height (5 mm) in order to minimize the time jitter caused by light propagation in the crystal. With Ce:LYSO, an energy resolution of 9.0% FWHMat 511 keV and a coincidence resolving time (CRT) of 125 ps FWHM were obtained at −20 ◦C. With Ce:GaGG, an energy resolution of 6.4% FWHM and a CRT of 260 ps FWHM were achieved at the same temperature. The novel SiPM technology, combining a high PDE with a low correlated noise (i.e., crosstalk and afterpulse), allows us to improve the state-of-the-art of energy and timing resolution with both the tested crystals.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/208217
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