This paper addresses change detection in multitemporal remote sensing images. After a review of the main techniques developed in remote sensing for the analysis of multitemporal data, the attention is focused on the challenging problem of change detection in very-high-resolution (VHR) multispectral images. In this context, we propose a framework that aims at defining a top-down approach to the design of the architecture of novel change-detection systems for multitemporal VHR images. The proposed framework explicitly models the presence of different radiometric changes on the basis of the properties of multitemporal images, extracts the semantic meaning of radiometric changes, identifies changes of interest with strategies designed on the basis of the specific application, and takes advantage of the intrinsic multiscale/multilevel properties of the objects and the high spatial correlation between pixels in a neighborhood. This framework defines guidelines for the development of a new generation of change-detection methods that can properly analyze multitemporal VHR images taking into account the intrinsic complexity associated with these data. In order to illustrate the use of the proposed framework, a real change-detection problem has been considered, which is described by a pair of VHR multispectral images acquired by the QuickBird satellite on the city of Trento, Italy. The proposed framework has been used for defining a system for change detection in the two images. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the developed system and the usefulness of the proposed framework.

A Novel Framework for the Design of Change-Detection Systems for Very-High-Resolution Remote Sensing Images

Bovolo, Francesca
2013

Abstract

This paper addresses change detection in multitemporal remote sensing images. After a review of the main techniques developed in remote sensing for the analysis of multitemporal data, the attention is focused on the challenging problem of change detection in very-high-resolution (VHR) multispectral images. In this context, we propose a framework that aims at defining a top-down approach to the design of the architecture of novel change-detection systems for multitemporal VHR images. The proposed framework explicitly models the presence of different radiometric changes on the basis of the properties of multitemporal images, extracts the semantic meaning of radiometric changes, identifies changes of interest with strategies designed on the basis of the specific application, and takes advantage of the intrinsic multiscale/multilevel properties of the objects and the high spatial correlation between pixels in a neighborhood. This framework defines guidelines for the development of a new generation of change-detection methods that can properly analyze multitemporal VHR images taking into account the intrinsic complexity associated with these data. In order to illustrate the use of the proposed framework, a real change-detection problem has been considered, which is described by a pair of VHR multispectral images acquired by the QuickBird satellite on the city of Trento, Italy. The proposed framework has been used for defining a system for change detection in the two images. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the developed system and the usefulness of the proposed framework.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/181813
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