Many applications, such as scheduling and temporal planning, require the solution of Temporal Problems (TP's) representing constraints over the timing of activities. A TP with uncertainty (TPU) is characterized by activities with uncontrollable duration. Depending on the Boolean structure of the constraints, we have simple (STPU), constraint satisfaction (TCSPU), and disjunctive (DTPU) temporal problems with uncertainty. In this work we tackle the problem of strong controllability, i.e. finding an assignment to all the controllable time points, such that the constraints are fulfilled under any possible assignment of uncontrollable time points. We work in the framework of Satisfiability Modulo Theory (SMT), where uncertainty is expressed by means of universal quantifiers. We obtain the first comprehensive solution to strong controllability: the use of quantifier elimination techniques leads to quantifier-free encodings, which are in turn solved with efficient SMT solvers. We provide a detailed experimental evaluation of our approach over a large set of benchmarks. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed approach is feasibile, and outperforms the best state-of-the-art competitors, when available.

Solving Temporal Problems using SMT: Strong Controllability

Cimatti, Alessandro;Micheli, Andrea;Roveri, Marco
2012

Abstract

Many applications, such as scheduling and temporal planning, require the solution of Temporal Problems (TP's) representing constraints over the timing of activities. A TP with uncertainty (TPU) is characterized by activities with uncontrollable duration. Depending on the Boolean structure of the constraints, we have simple (STPU), constraint satisfaction (TCSPU), and disjunctive (DTPU) temporal problems with uncertainty. In this work we tackle the problem of strong controllability, i.e. finding an assignment to all the controllable time points, such that the constraints are fulfilled under any possible assignment of uncontrollable time points. We work in the framework of Satisfiability Modulo Theory (SMT), where uncertainty is expressed by means of universal quantifiers. We obtain the first comprehensive solution to strong controllability: the use of quantifier elimination techniques leads to quantifier-free encodings, which are in turn solved with efficient SMT solvers. We provide a detailed experimental evaluation of our approach over a large set of benchmarks. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed approach is feasibile, and outperforms the best state-of-the-art competitors, when available.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/104406
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