A typical scintillating tile sampling calorimeter consists of multiple layers of scintillators coupled to wavelength shifting fibers viewed by a suitable photo-detector. Long clear fibers are used to connect the tiles to the readout modules. We have investigated the use of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) at the Super Large Hadron Collider (SLHC). Because radiation hardness is the main concern, two sets of radiation data were taken using a 212 MeV proton beam at Massachusetts General Hospital. In the first data set we radiated up to a dose of 3×1010 protons per cm2 using diodes from three different manufactures (i.e., FBK, CPTA and Hamamatsu). At a dose of 3x1010 protons per cm2 only small effects of PDE loss were detected due to very high dark count always occupying one or more cells in a multi-cell SiPM. A second set of data up to 1013 protons per cm2 using very high pixel density MAPDs with up to 40,000 cells per mm2. After each small radiation dose multiple scope traces were taken to look at the PDE and dark count of the devices. The increase in dark count due to the radiation was compared to the DC leakage current. Also a comparison was made between multi-cell and single-cell samples of the FBK-IRST diodes.

Radiation damage studies on SiPMs for calorimetry at the Super LHC

Piemonte, Claudio
2008

Abstract

A typical scintillating tile sampling calorimeter consists of multiple layers of scintillators coupled to wavelength shifting fibers viewed by a suitable photo-detector. Long clear fibers are used to connect the tiles to the readout modules. We have investigated the use of silicon photomultipliers (SiPMs) at the Super Large Hadron Collider (SLHC). Because radiation hardness is the main concern, two sets of radiation data were taken using a 212 MeV proton beam at Massachusetts General Hospital. In the first data set we radiated up to a dose of 3×1010 protons per cm2 using diodes from three different manufactures (i.e., FBK, CPTA and Hamamatsu). At a dose of 3x1010 protons per cm2 only small effects of PDE loss were detected due to very high dark count always occupying one or more cells in a multi-cell SiPM. A second set of data up to 1013 protons per cm2 using very high pixel density MAPDs with up to 40,000 cells per mm2. After each small radiation dose multiple scope traces were taken to look at the PDE and dark count of the devices. The increase in dark count due to the radiation was compared to the DC leakage current. Also a comparison was made between multi-cell and single-cell samples of the FBK-IRST diodes.
9781424427147
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/8809
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