Over recent decades, Change Detection (CD) has been intensively investigated due to the availability of High Resolution (HR) multi-spectral multi-temporal remote sensing images. Deep Learning (DL) based methods such as Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) have recently received increasing attention in CD problems demonstrating high potential. However, most of the CNN-based CD methods are designed for bi-temporal image analysis. Here, we propose a Three-Dimensional (3D) CNN-based CD approach that can effectively deal with HR image time series and process spatial-spectral-temporal features. The method is unsupervised and thus does not require the complex task of collecting labelled multi-temporal data. Since there are only a few pretrained 3D CNNs available that are not suitable for remote sensing CD analysis, the proposed approach starts with a pretrained 2D CNN architecture trained on remote sensing images for semantic segmentation and develops a 3D CNN architecture using a transfer learning technique to jointly deal with spatial, spectral and temporal information. A layerwise feature reduction strategy is performed to select the most informative features and a pixelwise year-based Change Vector Analysis (CVA) is employed to identify changed pixels. Experimental results on a long time series of Landsat 8 images for an area located in Saudi Arabia confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

A 3D CNN approach for change detection in HR satellite image time series based on a pretrained 2D CNN

Meshkini, K.;Bovolo, F.;
2022

Abstract

Over recent decades, Change Detection (CD) has been intensively investigated due to the availability of High Resolution (HR) multi-spectral multi-temporal remote sensing images. Deep Learning (DL) based methods such as Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) have recently received increasing attention in CD problems demonstrating high potential. However, most of the CNN-based CD methods are designed for bi-temporal image analysis. Here, we propose a Three-Dimensional (3D) CNN-based CD approach that can effectively deal with HR image time series and process spatial-spectral-temporal features. The method is unsupervised and thus does not require the complex task of collecting labelled multi-temporal data. Since there are only a few pretrained 3D CNNs available that are not suitable for remote sensing CD analysis, the proposed approach starts with a pretrained 2D CNN architecture trained on remote sensing images for semantic segmentation and develops a 3D CNN architecture using a transfer learning technique to jointly deal with spatial, spectral and temporal information. A layerwise feature reduction strategy is performed to select the most informative features and a pixelwise year-based Change Vector Analysis (CVA) is employed to identify changed pixels. Experimental results on a long time series of Landsat 8 images for an area located in Saudi Arabia confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/334199
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