This work is focused on the development of cryogenic metallic magnetic calorimeter detectors with implanted Ho-163 source for the ECHo (Electron Capture in Ho-163)experiment for the determination of the effective electron neutrino mass by studying the Ho-163 electron capture spectrum. The detector prototype fabricated for the first experimental phase, ECHo-1k, has been fully characterised, in terms of thermodynamic properties, detector response, energy resolution and Ho-163 activity per detector pixel. The specific heat per holmium ion in silver has been determined, comparing the response of detector pixels with and without implanted Ho-163. This accurate measurement indicates a lower value of the Ho-163 half-life with respect to the value reported in literature. Two implanted ECHo-1k detector chips have been operated in parallel in a dilution refrigerator which has been equipped with a 64-channel read-out chain. A high-statistics measurement with more than 10^8 Ho-163 electron capture events has been performed and the analysis of the resulting spectrum will allow to reach a sensitivity below 20 eV on the effective electron neutrino mass. Based on the outcomes of the ECHo-1k experimental phase, a novel detector design has been conceived in order to achieve the detector performance required for the succeeding experimental phase, ECHo-100k. The new ECHo-100k detector has been successfully fabricated and fully characterised, showing an improved detector response and an excellent energy resolution that reaches 3 eV FWHM, matching the designed value. The results obtained in this thesis set the starting point of the ECHo-100k experiment.

Development and characterisation of high-resolution metallic magnetic calorimeter arrays for the ECHo neutrino mass experiment

Mantegazzini Federica
2021

Abstract

This work is focused on the development of cryogenic metallic magnetic calorimeter detectors with implanted Ho-163 source for the ECHo (Electron Capture in Ho-163)experiment for the determination of the effective electron neutrino mass by studying the Ho-163 electron capture spectrum. The detector prototype fabricated for the first experimental phase, ECHo-1k, has been fully characterised, in terms of thermodynamic properties, detector response, energy resolution and Ho-163 activity per detector pixel. The specific heat per holmium ion in silver has been determined, comparing the response of detector pixels with and without implanted Ho-163. This accurate measurement indicates a lower value of the Ho-163 half-life with respect to the value reported in literature. Two implanted ECHo-1k detector chips have been operated in parallel in a dilution refrigerator which has been equipped with a 64-channel read-out chain. A high-statistics measurement with more than 10^8 Ho-163 electron capture events has been performed and the analysis of the resulting spectrum will allow to reach a sensitivity below 20 eV on the effective electron neutrino mass. Based on the outcomes of the ECHo-1k experimental phase, a novel detector design has been conceived in order to achieve the detector performance required for the succeeding experimental phase, ECHo-100k. The new ECHo-100k detector has been successfully fabricated and fully characterised, showing an improved detector response and an excellent energy resolution that reaches 3 eV FWHM, matching the designed value. The results obtained in this thesis set the starting point of the ECHo-100k experiment.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/333468
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