A Dialogue State Tracker is a key component in dialogue systems which estimates the beliefs of possible user goals at each dialogue turn. Deep learning approaches using recurrent neural networks have shown state-of-the-art performance for the task of dialogue state tracking. Generally, these approaches assume a predefined candidate list and struggle to predict any new dialogue state values that are not seen during training. This makes extending the candidate list for a slot without model retaining infeasible and also has limitations in modelling for low resource domains where training data for slot values are expensive. In this paper, we propose a novel dialogue state tracker based on copying mechanism that can effectively track such unseen slot values without compromising performance on slot values seen during training. The proposed model is also flexible in extending the candidate list without requiring any retraining or change in the model. We evaluate the proposed model on various benchmark datasets (DSTC2, DSTC3 and WoZ2.0) and show that our approach, outperform other end-to-end data-driven approaches in tracking unseen slot values and also provides significant advantages in modelling for DST.

A Robust Data-Driven Approach for Dialogue State Tracking of Unseen Slot Values

Vevake Balaraman
;
Bernardo Magnini
2019-01-01

Abstract

A Dialogue State Tracker is a key component in dialogue systems which estimates the beliefs of possible user goals at each dialogue turn. Deep learning approaches using recurrent neural networks have shown state-of-the-art performance for the task of dialogue state tracking. Generally, these approaches assume a predefined candidate list and struggle to predict any new dialogue state values that are not seen during training. This makes extending the candidate list for a slot without model retaining infeasible and also has limitations in modelling for low resource domains where training data for slot values are expensive. In this paper, we propose a novel dialogue state tracker based on copying mechanism that can effectively track such unseen slot values without compromising performance on slot values seen during training. The proposed model is also flexible in extending the candidate list without requiring any retraining or change in the model. We evaluate the proposed model on various benchmark datasets (DSTC2, DSTC3 and WoZ2.0) and show that our approach, outperform other end-to-end data-driven approaches in tracking unseen slot values and also provides significant advantages in modelling for DST.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/333212
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