Efficient Artifact Removal from Low-Density Wearable EEG using Artifacts Subspace Reconstruction

Kumaravel, Velu Prabhakar;Farella, Elisabetta;

Light-weight, minimally-obtrusive mobile EEG systems with a small number of electrodes (i.e., low-density) allow for convenient monitoring of the brain activity in out-of-the-lab conditions. However, they pose a higher risk for signal contamination with non-stereotypical artifacts due to hardware limitations and the challenging environment where signals are collected. A promising solution is Artifacts Subspace Reconstruction (ASR), a component-based approach that can automatically remove non-stationary transient-like artifacts in EEG data. Since ASR has only been validated with high-density systems, it is unclear whether it is equally efficient on low-density portable EEG. This paper presents a complete analysis of ASR performance based on clean and contaminated datasets acquired with BioWolf, an Ultra-Low-Power system featuring only eight channels, during SSVEP sessions recorded from six adults. Empirical results show that even with such few channels, ASR efficiently corrects artifacts, enabling an overall enhancement of up to 40% in SSVEP response. Furthermore, by choosing the optimal ASR parameters on a single-subject basis, SSVEP response can be further increased to more than 45%. These results suggest that ASR is a viable and robust method for online automatic artifact correction with low-density BCI systems in real-life scenarios.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11582/329334
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