Image Quality (IQ) as assessed by humans is a concept hard to be defined, since it relies on many different features, including both low level and high level visual characteristics. Image luminance, contrast, color distribution, smoothness, presence of noise or of geometric distortions are some examples of low level cues usually contributing to image quality. Aesthetic canons and trends, displacement of the objects in the scene, significance and message of the imaged visual content are instances of the high level (i.e. semantic) concepts that may be involved in image quality assessment. Despite subjective evaluation of IQ being very popular in many applications (e.g. image restoration, colorization and noise removal), it may be scarcely reliable due to subjectivity issues and biases. Therefore, an objective evaluation, i.e. an image quality assessment based on visual features extracted from the image and mathematically modelled, is highly desirable, since it guarantees the repeatability of the results and it enables the automation of image quality measurements. Here the crucial point lies in the detection of visual elements salient for IQ. Many objective, numerical measures have been proposed in the literature. They differ from one another in the features considered to be relevant to IQ, and in the presence of a reference image, an image of “perfect” quality with which to compare the image to be evaluated. Objective measures are thus broadly classified as full-reference, reduced-reference or no-reference, according to the availability of reference information. Due to the complexity of the IQ assessment process, a single measure may be not robust and accurate enough to capture and numerically summarize all the aspects concurring to IQ. Therefore, we propose to employ multiple objective IQ measures assembled in a cockpit of objective IQ measures. This cockpit should be designed to offer not only an extensive analysis and overview of features relevant to IQ, but also as a tool to automate the selection of machine vision algorithms devoted to image enhancement. In this work we describe a preliminary version of a cockpit, and we employ it to assess a set of images of the same scene acquired under different conditions, with different devices or even processed by computer algorithms.
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|Titolo:||Designing a cockpit for image quality evaluation - Talk at Transactions: Imaging/Art/Science - Image Quality, Content and Aesthetics Conference at Centre for Research and Education in Arts and Media, Westminster, UK|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||5.12 Altro|