The Internet of Things (IoT) urges for development and pervasive deployment of energy-autonomous integrated remote sensing nodes. Microsystems-based (i.e. MEMS) Energy Harvesting (EH) seems to be a key-enabling technology to face such a challenge, and environmental vibrations are a source of energy commonly available in domestic, industrial and public contexts. A major limitation of standard vibration Energy Harvesters (EHs) is the power conversion performance typically pronounced just around the fundamental mechanical resonant frequency (narrowband device). In this work, we introduce a resonator design concept named Four-Leaf Clover (FLC). Having several mechanical Degrees Of Freedom (DOFs), the FLC EH-MEMS exhibits several resonant modes in the frequency range from around 200 Hz up to several kHz. Thereafter, it is capable to convert mechanical into electric energy efficiently in a wide frequency range of vibrations (wideband device). The FLC EH-MEMS design concept discussion is corroborated by simulations and experimental measurements that verify its performance and, in turn, that provide support to the contribution it can bring to self-powered integrated sensing nodes in the IoT scenario.

A Novel MEMS-Based Piezoelectric Multi-Modal Vibration Energy Harvester Concept to Power Autonomous Remote Sensing Nodes for Internet of Things (IoT) Applications

Iannacci, Jacopo;Sordo, Guido;Serra, Enrico;
2015

Abstract

The Internet of Things (IoT) urges for development and pervasive deployment of energy-autonomous integrated remote sensing nodes. Microsystems-based (i.e. MEMS) Energy Harvesting (EH) seems to be a key-enabling technology to face such a challenge, and environmental vibrations are a source of energy commonly available in domestic, industrial and public contexts. A major limitation of standard vibration Energy Harvesters (EHs) is the power conversion performance typically pronounced just around the fundamental mechanical resonant frequency (narrowband device). In this work, we introduce a resonator design concept named Four-Leaf Clover (FLC). Having several mechanical Degrees Of Freedom (DOFs), the FLC EH-MEMS exhibits several resonant modes in the frequency range from around 200 Hz up to several kHz. Thereafter, it is capable to convert mechanical into electric energy efficiently in a wide frequency range of vibrations (wideband device). The FLC EH-MEMS design concept discussion is corroborated by simulations and experimental measurements that verify its performance and, in turn, that provide support to the contribution it can bring to self-powered integrated sensing nodes in the IoT scenario.
978-1-4799-8203-5
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/302061
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
social impact