Abstract - A reliable estimation of the safety level of the roads is a valuable tool for detecting critical points in the road infrastructure, planning and implement countermeasures, and evaluating their impact on the traffic. A method for the computation of the accident risk is proposed, which is based on microscopic traffic data collected automatically by a video-based monitoring system, i.e. class, speed, and tra jectory of each single road-user. The benefit of the proposed method is twofold: the risk level is computed without statistics on past accidents, and its computation is fully automated, i.e. it does not require a manual collection of traffic data. The paper presents the definition of the proposed risk index and describes its application to a real case: the evaluation of the accident risk at an urban intersection, before and after the reorganization of its geometry. The proposed risk index, although based only on those parameters that are automatically measurable, seems to reflect the expectation of traffic experts in evaluating the impact of intervention to improve the safety level of the intersection.

A Computer Vision System for Traffic Accident Risk Measurement: A Case Study

Messelodi, Stefano;Modena, Carla Maria
2005

Abstract

Abstract - A reliable estimation of the safety level of the roads is a valuable tool for detecting critical points in the road infrastructure, planning and implement countermeasures, and evaluating their impact on the traffic. A method for the computation of the accident risk is proposed, which is based on microscopic traffic data collected automatically by a video-based monitoring system, i.e. class, speed, and tra jectory of each single road-user. The benefit of the proposed method is twofold: the risk level is computed without statistics on past accidents, and its computation is fully automated, i.e. it does not require a manual collection of traffic data. The paper presents the definition of the proposed risk index and describes its application to a real case: the evaluation of the accident risk at an urban intersection, before and after the reorganization of its geometry. The proposed risk index, although based only on those parameters that are automatically measurable, seems to reflect the expectation of traffic experts in evaluating the impact of intervention to improve the safety level of the intersection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11582/14769
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